Lyric (Man on a Horse) - Kandinsky, 1911
Change was fast and intense at the turn of the Twentieth Century. The world was being transformed by a flood of new inventions and new concepts - movies and radio, assembly lines and suburbs, comic strips and the Theory of Relativity all appeared for the first time, along with much, much more. Suddenly, people could fly, travel by automobile, control disease. Anything seemed possible.
But these great waves of change were colliding with social, political, and economic systems that were outmoded and unresponsive. Everywhere there were calls for radical reform, and everywhere the old order resisted fiercely. Around the planet, there were riots, political turmoil, and labor unrest; in Russia, Mexico, and China there were full-scale revolutions. Traditional beliefs seemed to be in decay, and newer, more extreme ideas began to germinate: embryonic versions of communism and fascism were beginning to emerge.
Instability spilled over into international relations. It was an age when everything seemed to be up for grabs, and the Great Powers became ever more aggressive in the pursuit of supremacy, while ambitious smaller nations opportunistically played for advantage. Crisis followed crisis until statesmen lost the will to avoid a complete breakdown. In the end, this promising era collapsed into the immense catastrophe of the First World War.
I’ve put together a collection of highly detailed timelines covering this era, organizing some chronologies by subject or topic (such as music, or labor, or medicine), some by nation or region (dealing mostly with internal politics), and some by event (generally diplomacy or war).
Nations and Regions:
Chinese Chronology 1904-1914, including the Chinese Revolution of 1911
Mexican Chronology 1904-1914, including the first phases of the Mexican Revolution
Russian Chronology 1904-1914, including the Revolution of 1905 and its aftermath
United States Chronology 1904-1914
Subjects and Topics:
Exploration Chronology 1904-1914
Performing Arts Chronology 1904-1914, including film, theater, opera, and dance
Flight Chronology 1903-1914
Literature Chronology 1904-1914
Medical Chronology 1904-1914
Music Chronology 1904-1914
Science Chronology 1904-1914
Visual Arts Chronology 1904-1914, including painting, illustration, sculpture, photography, cartoons, and architecture
Wars and Diplomacy:
Balkan Crises Chronology international events involving the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire 1903-1914
Russo-Japanese War Chronology 1904-1905, with origins back to the 17th Century
Moroccan Crises Chronology the Crises of 1905-1906 and 1911, and international events involving Morocco 1903-1914
Tripolitanian War Chronology 1911-1912
WORLD WAR I:
August 1914 Chronology the opening campaign on the Western Front, to the First Battle of the Marne
And - completely unrelated...
Last updated Dec.16.2006